Evacuation Plans and Procedures
Evacuation plans designed to meet the requirements of SANS 23601 is one aspect of an Emergency plan, the other is procedures..
An Emergency Plan is a plan put into place for a specific organisation or company. No two plans are identical, therefore no textbook plan is available. Altra Medical Productions will design the plan, put all the elements into place and provide the skills, equipment and infrastructure for your company to be able to maintain the Emergency Management Plan once it has been implemented.
The Emergency Plan is done is 6 phases:
- Fire Risk survey
- Procedures developed for all identified emergencies
- Floor Plans developed based on the requirements of SANS 23601
- Evaluation of Equipment to deal with any emergency
- Training and appointment of key staff members who will manage and execute the plan. These appointments should include at least the following:
- Drill Simulations (including reports)
Evacuation Floor Plan
Emergency escape plans are an integral part of a facility’s system of safety signs and plays an integral role in a building owner’s fire safety management plan. SANS 23601:2010 establishes design principles for displayed emergency escape plans that contain information relevant to fire safety, escape, evacuation and rescue of the facility’s occupants. These plans are intended to be displayed as signs in public areas and workplaces.
SANS 23601 requires emergency evacuation floor plans to identify:
- All possible escape routes
- Expected people movement
- Location of fire fighting equipment and alarms
- Location of emergency equipment and evacuation aids
- Required action to take during specific emergencies or fire
- Location of refuge and assembly points
- The exact location of the user
Changes from the previous requirements include elements such as:
- Use of specific colours for headings, emergency routes, and point of location of the user
- Scale used for the design
- Size of prints
- Eliminating non-essential detail
- Highlighting important elements
- Orientating the plan to the exact position of the user
- Provisions made for people with disabilities
- Strategic placement of floor plans (within the building/specific locations)
- Details of plan designer
Example 1 and 2 below illustrates different orientations of the same floor in the same building so that the viewer will maintain a sense of direction. Note the overview plan and assembly points correspond with the orientations.